The international workshop “Training Experts for Evaluation of the National Nuclear Infrastructure in Embarking States” was held in CICE&T during the week 03-07 December 2012. This workshop was initiated by JSC“Rusatom Overseas”, which is in charge of external economic activity for the State Corporation “Rosatom”. According to Yury Sokolov, Vice President of Rusatom Overseas, CICE&T was chosen for hosting this important event because International Center for Personnel Training of CICE&T has a wealth of experience in international projects on personnel training and interaction with the IAEA. Yury Sokolov expressed his satisfaction with the outcomes of the workshop:
“The workshop was organized as a part of assistance to the countries embarking on nuclear power programs to develop management and regulatory infrastructure for their national nuclear projects. It is not about training workers for construction of nuclear power plants, we focus on training those who will instruct our partners how to set up nuclear power programs in their countries. Our goal is to assist them to create entities equivalent of Rosatom (State Atomic Energy Corporation) or Rostekhnadzor (Russian regulatory body) appropriately adjusted to the scale of their national objectives”.
The term “nuclear infrastructure” can be understood in different ways. According to the IAEA recommendations nuclear infrastructure is a set of elements to be established in a country. A total of 19 elements are required including establishing a nuclear legislation base and a competent regulatory body. According to the recommendations, among other things, state guarantees of peaceful use of nuclear power should be in place, and adequate policy and program for radioactive waste management is to be developed.
For implementation of these tasks in a customer-country there is a need to train Russian experts who would be both highly qualified and skilled and know international documents. The selection criteria should be their technical competence and good knowledge of English language, so that communication with partners can take place without interpreter. For a week in Obninsk they were instructed on international approaches to the goals and objectives to be pursued by management and regulatory bodies within national nuclear programs.
The first two days were devoted to acquaintance with international experience and national programs of partner countries. Experts from the IAEA, Vietnam, Bangladesh and Belarus were invited to deliver lectures about national nuclear programs.
On the other hand, Russian experts were speaking about themselves, their activities and competencies in order our foreign partners get an idea about the potential available in our country. On the third day IAEA documents and best practices in training and exchange of experience were discussed. Based on their visions, the experts put together preliminary proposals regarding support to the partner countries in nuclear infrastructure development.
The workshop in Obninsk was another step towards preparing a comprehensive proposal from Russia to provide assistance to partner-countries in developing a nuclear infrastructure. As soon as expert training and preparation of a comprehensive proposal is over, Russia will be working with emerging nuclear countries in a more specific way. This work can take different forms: on the basis of separate elements of infrastructure, or groups of elements, training conducted in our country, development of different technical facilities, setting up information and training centers and emergency response centers in partner-countries.
By the end of March each experts is expected to provide a vision of what competencies should be developed for a specific infrastructure element and how this can be accomplished in customer counties.