The International training Course on the Practical Operation of Physical Protection Systems at Nuclear Facilities was held 13 – 24 November at the Institute for Global Nuclear Safety and Security (GNSSI) of Rosatom Technical Academy (Rosatom Tech).
The specialists from Armenia, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Latvia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Thailand, Turkey and U.K. came to get practical experience in operation of Physical Protection Systems (PPS). Mr Manfred Alex from the Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, IAEA, supervised the course from the side of the IAEA.
The purpose of the course was to demonstrate a systematic methodology for the design and performance-based evaluation of integrated physical protection systems for nuclear facilities to ensure that they are effective against the threats of sabotage and theft of nuclear and other radioactive material and to familiarize professionals involved in the establishment of a State system of physical protection systems.
A feature of the training process was a combination of lectures, demonstrations and practical work. Such topics as international nuclear security legal framework, nuclear security recommendations on physical protection of nuclear material and nuclear facilities, the role of threat analysis in developing adequate security measures, requirements for intrusion detection access control system (IDS) were discussed during the course. Participants were provided with demonstration lectures where systems of external and internal detectors in PPS were presented. The participants were divided into subgroups with objective to make a project with evaluation of a part of a real nuclear facility layout and making proposals for improving PPS. In order to reach the objective trainees determine interferences affecting the work of technical means of PPS and gaps in PPS with reference to the IAEA documents. At the end of practical classes each subgroup presented and defended their project in front of other trainees and group of international experts. A combined approach allowed participants to improve their practical skills in the operation of physical protection systems.