Since 2018 the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/NEA) conducts the Country-Specific Safety Culture Forums (CSSCF) within its activities on radiological protection and human aspects of nuclear safety. It is apparent that many factors affect safety culture, including the specifics of cultural traits and attributes or national context. It is thus essential to identify the potential impacts of national context on safety culture and their possible subsequent effects. At present, the Country-Specific Safety Culture Forum was carried out in Sweden in 2018, in Finland in 2019, and in 2021 it is planned in Canada.
The new Safety Culture Forums initiative was discussed by Russian experts and specialists in the framework of the online Workshop on National Context in Nuclear Safety Culture, which was held on 6–8 of October at the Rosatom Technical Academy in cooperation with OECD/NEA.
The Workshop was attended by more than fifty participants from different organisations of the State Atomic Energy Corporation “Rosatom”: department heads and top managers responsible for safety, experts, engineers and specialists assigned for safety culture.
Dr Vladimir Artisyuk, Councilor, Adviser to Director General of ROSATOM opened the Workshop with a welcoming speech. Ms Kamishan Martin, Nuclear Safety Specialist of OECD/NEA Radiological Protection & Human Aspects of Nuclear Safety delivered a presentation about the experience of OECD/NEA in the implementation of the Country-Specific Safety Culture Forums including objectives, stages and outcomes of the project. Dr Lyudmila Lavrentieva, a Senior Researcher at the ethnographic Department of Eastern Slavs and Peoples of European Russia of the Kunstkamera, gave a lecture on the peculiarities of the Russian national character and history of its formation. The Workshop programme was developed in cooperation with the Obninsk Research Center “Prognoz”. The Director of the Center, Mr Eduard Volkov, has extensive experience of participating in the international safety culture missions and the skills of forming multinational teams. Mr Volkov led the Workshop, analyzed and summarized the results of the group work.
The Workshop programme included lectures, as well as a large amount of practical work. The participants were divided into divisional groups and worked together to compile and complete a matrix reflecting relations between Russian national character attributes and working behaviour.
By the end of the Workshop, participants expressed a common opinion that this work should be continued!
Country-Specific Safety Culture Forum (CSSCF) – examines how nuclear safety culture is affected by the national cultural context of the country operating a nuclear facility. It brings together experts representing both the nuclear industry and the regulatory authority in the host country, with the objective of helping organisations maintain a healthy safety culture for the safe operations of nuclear installations and for effective regulatory activities. The Forum was developed jointly by the OECD/NEA and the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO).
Working Group on Human and Organisational Factors (WGHOF) – is a working group established within the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) of the OECD/NEA, as a forum for facilitating the exchange of ideas and experience in the field of nuclear safety between the 33 Member States of the OECD/NEA.
In the line of cooperation with OECD/NEA, Rosatom Technical Academy regularly participates in the meetings of the Working Group on Human and Organisational Factors (WGHOF), established within OECD/NEA, exploring the impacts of national context on nuclear safety culture.
In 2019 in the framework of the Russia-IAEA Nuclear Energy Management School for Young Professionals personnel of the Moscow branch of the International Training Center carried out a group work on safety culture issues.