14 September, 2014 in Far East Federal University- FEFU (Vladivostok) in the framework of International Scientific-Practical Conference of the Asia-Pacific Countries “Innovative Developments and Projects” the round table discussion “Power, Energy Efficiency. Nuclear Power” was organized. From the side of State Atomic Energy Corporation “Rosatom” the round table discussion was moderated by Prof. V.Artisyuk (Vice-Rector, ROSATOM-CICE&T). More than 50 representatives of FEFU, China, India, Vietnam, North Korea have participated in this discussion. The reason to discuss nuclear power option is that FEFU has recently established a new Research & Education Centre for Nuclear Technologies and Radiation Safety. The Centre plays the role of driver to start in cooperation with ROSATOM-CICE&T the new BS programme in nuclear engineering. This programme is designed to meet the challenge of human resource development in embarking nuclear states and support localization of nuclear technologies in the countries- recipients of Russian nuclear power technologies. For more than 50 yrs FEFU has been providing engineering education in power technology (including both electricity generating thermal power and ship propulsion systems), electrical, mechanical and chemical engineering – those programmes that could cover the non-nuclear portion of nuclear-power engineering education. The nuclear portion is designed by ROSATOM-CICE&T based on the requirements for nuclear power sector of Rosatom. Another feature of the new BS programme is its focus on building the competence in cross-cultural communication. FEFU possesses a long experience in teaching the languages, culture and history of the Asia-Pacific countries (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese and some others) and compulsory extensive language courses combined with nuclear engineering education give the Russian students appropriate competitive advantages in getting promising career perspective and well-paid jobs in embarking nuclear states. For students from embarking states this programme provides an opportunity to be taught in mixed groups with Russian students thus establishing their personal communications prior to getting the jobs by ones on the vendor side and by others – on the side of customer.
During the Conference in Vladivostok, ROSATOM-CICE&T completed the delivery to FEFU of two analytical simulators to support BS programs. The first one – developed by Engineering & Training Centre “Jet” is for training in various operational regimes for Russian pressurized water reactor WWER-1200 which is considered as a referent reactor for NPPs to build outside of Russia in coming decade. The second one – analytical simulator of SVBR-100 developed by JSC “Simulating systems”. SVBR-100 belongs to the class of small and medium size reactors (its installed power capacity 100 MWel).
This is a unique reactor in terms of safety – it uses lead-bismuth eutectic that is not aggressive to water and air and being operated at low pressure it makes SVBR inherently safe. Another feature is that SVBR does not require fuel reloading on site up to 10 yr. It could be operated as a “nuclear battery” being transported to and from the NPP site as a single reactor package with fuel inside. This adds additional advantage from the view point of non-proliferation and nuclear security. The SVBR technology has been mastered in Russia for nuclear submarines and is now transferred to civil sector by the state-private company “AKME-engineering” established by ROSATOM and Private Company “Irkutskenergo”. The pilot-industrial SVBR unit is going to start operation in 2018. Since SVBR-100 perfectly suits for electricity production and water desalination in areas with lack of power and engineering infrastructure (like remote islands-that is characteristic to Asia Pacific region) it seems to be prudent to develop SVBR specialization within the BS programme in nuclear engineering in FEFU.