Rosatom Tech together with ROSATOM and JSC “Afrikantov OKBM” organized the webinar on small modular reactors (SMR) for the representatives of the IAEA. The purpose of the seminar was to inform the IAEA Secretariat about the status of SMR projects in the Russian Federation for the development of joint activities in this area, including training specialists from newcomer countries. 26 representatives of the IAEA have attended the workshop.
During the opening session, Director of the IAEA Nuclear Energy Department Dohi Khan and Head of the Nuclear Power Technology Development Section Stefano Monti noted the role of the Russian Federation in the Steering committee’s activities within the framework of the SMR Regulators’ Forum. Advisor to the Director General of Rosatom State Corporation Vladimir Artisyuk in his opening speech highlighted the prospects of SMR technologies for achieving Sustainable Development Goals in terms of Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
During the event, the experts of JSC “Afrikantov OKBM” shared an experience in the field of Small/Medium-Sized Nuclear Power Plants and Floating Nuclear Cogeneration Plants design and operation, presented company’s approaches to assessing the economic efficiency of floating nuclear power units (FPU), application of the IAEA safeguards and described the main methods to ensure safety during FPU transportation. Possible business models based on the scheme of FPU cyclic replacement at the site were also discussed.
An open dialogue between IAEA experts and representatives of the design bureau is a completely new format of events for the Russian Federation. The IAEA and ROSATOM expressed their willingness to hold more events in this format in the future.
Global interest in small and medium-sized or modular reactors has been increasing due to the growing demand for electricity. This technology is able to meet the need for flexible power generation, replace aging fossil fuel-fired power plants, produce electricity for remote areas with undeveloped network infrastructure, be used for industrial and district heating. In addition, SNPPs are able to be incorporated into a power system based on renewables to ensure the base load.
The IAEA coordinates activities aimed at the development of various types of SNPPs, implementing a systematic approach to the identification and development of emerging technologies. Various IAEA departments deal with the subject of SNPPs. In order to coordinate their activities in 2021, an IAEA-wide Platform on SMRs and their applications was established under the auspices of the Department of Nuclear Energy.
SMRs are one of the promising activity areas for ROSATOM. Currently, Rosatom operates one-of-a-kind floating nuclear power plant “Akademic Lomonosov”” with two KLT-40S reactors. The KLT-40 type reactor plants used as part of the FPU have successfully proven themselves over many years of no-failure operation in the Russian nuclear icebreaker fleet.